China’s one child policy was introduced in 1978 and began applying to all families in 1979. It followed on the heels of a marketing message from the government that heavily promoted the idea that “One is good; two is okay; three is too many.” China’s one child policy was not the government’s first attempt to limit the size of families.
The supposed practical result is that once a family has a baby, they generally assume their baby making days are over. However, there are several exceptions and many ways to get around the rule. For instance, families may choose to add a second or third child, if they are willing to accept a greater financial burden for those children and the entire family. A “social fostering” fee is imposed for each additional child. This fee is based upon a family’s disposable income the year the child was born for urban residents. For rural peasants, the fee is based on their annual cash income. Additional expenses, which would typically be paid by the government for the first child, are not covered for subsequent children. These expenses include education and healthcare for the entire family. Subsequently, one of the end results of China’s one child policy is that only wealthier families are afforded the “luxury” of having more than one child.
Exceptions to the rule also exist for the following categories of family:
- when both parents are only children, they are allowed to have two children with no “social fostering” fee;
- if one of the parents is disabled;
- when “practical difficulties” exist that make having more than one child necessary, as when there is a lot of farm work that must be accomplished and the family needs extra workers;
- if the first child is born severely disabled; or
- if the first child dies.
The exceptions and work arounds generally mean though, that the birth rate is China is closer to 1.8 children per family than just one-child, as the name of the policy might indicate.
Some possibly unintended results of China’s one child policy might be the increased savings rate of the Chinese workers. The reasoning is that since individuals can no longer rely on their children to take care of them in their old age, saving for retirement and the final years is increased, giving most Chinese more money to invest.
Another result of China’s one child policy is economic growth. There are fewer people competing for a job which means there is little to no surplus labor, making unemployment relatively low – 4.3% as of 2009 according to the CIA World Factbook.
In conclusion, the main affects have been to control the population so resources are more evenly distributed, that girls have their pick of suitors when they reach marrying age, and that the children born since the policy was implemented are doing a better job than past generations in saving for their future.
Filed Under: Overpopulation, Places
Writing a Research Paper on One-child Policy
Writing your essay can be difficult if you do not have an idea what and how to write it at all, especially on delicate topics which tackle cultural and religious belief. As such, essays written on topics like one-child policy should be written cautiously so as to not disrespect any country’s culture and beliefs.
How to start a research on one-child policy
To research on one-child policy, you need to check first what that policy describes and entails for citizens as well as where it is originated from. The student needs also to search for statistics or other quantitative/qualitative effects of the policy and what the benefits and consequences there would be for following or not following citizens.
Other searches can include why it was made in the first place or what its purpose for the creation is. Another fascinating aspect is trivia about the policy or cases presented with them. It can also be the points of how the economics of the nation has progressed ever since the application of the policy.
Example of an outline
In general, an outline is used to formally present the organization and the development of the writer’s topics and subtopics. The purpose of an outline is to help the writer for organizing each of the ideas so that they can be connected with each other.
It is also important to take note of all the ideas listed in the outline to be short since the longer contents tend to state the ideas which must be written in the body and that the outline should generally stick to the main point. Below is a sample outline is written for one-child policy:
- Thesis statement
- First supporting paragraph: What is one-child policy and how it came to be
- Second supporting paragraph: One-child policy overall contribution, benefits and consequences
- Third supporting paragraph: Continued application
How to write an introduction
The introduction of the student’s paper about the one-child policy should contain brief history about the creation of the policy, to give the readers insight about the topic. The introduction is critical since this is the part of the work where they will either be able to make the readers continue to read the research paper or stop. The following are some tips to make an introduction:
- The introduction of the topic should mostly be catchy. Give them some unique facts about the one-child policy such as where it came from or who started the policy.
- The reason why the student decided to choose the topic should also be presented since this will give his or her audience a view of the writer’s opinion or personal reasons in writing the peace.
- The words chosen should be properly picked out. Since this policy actually adheres to culture, one mistake could lead to an undesirable effect on the readers. Thus, the writer might end up writing a racial slur or any negative comment about the culture of the country affected by the one-child policy.
- Another point is the length of the introduction that should not be too long. The introduction should only convey a short background on what the one-child policy is. Lengthening it by adding unnecessary details will derail the readers from reading it at some point.
- It is advisable that the thesis statement should be correlated with the introduction written. Essentially, the introduction should be on-point.
How to write a thesis statement
The thesis statement should be the center of the topic for all subsequent body paragraphs. It is usually composed of one to two sentences which point out the main idea of the research paper.
The whole research paper will solely depend on the thesis statement on how the flow should be, including supporting ideas such as an argument or other information to be presented and defined in the paper.
Example of a thesis statement for a research paper on one-child policy
Was the application of the one-child policy in China helpful for controlling the population problem in the country or have the amendment of the policy had more benefits for the nation?
Example of an introduction
The one-child policy is a family planning policy for controlling the population of China. It was announced back in 1979 and ended back at the end of 2015, effectively marking the first day of 2016 in China as the first day of the end of the controversial policy.
Though not frequent, the government would still require the birth permits to be faced the sanction of having an abortion for parents to have a second child. Couples in China is able to request to have two children. Was the application of the one-child policy in China helpful for controlling the population problem in the country or have the amendment of the policy had more benefits for the nation?
How to write body paragraphs for a research paper on one-child policy
The body paragraphs contain the supporting ideas which should be included in the initial outline. Ideas, data, or any other information should be elaborated in this part of the paper. An effective way to write this will entail being the bread and butter of the entire writing.
Tips on body writing
- The writer should use credible sources wherein the sources used are not just some websites that can be picked off from the internet but legitimate ones. They have to be recognized globally, or journals which may help in statistical research, especially on a research like this.
- The points should ALL be mentioned so that no idea will get left behind and be able to contribute to the accuracy and credibility of the paper.
- Emphasis on writing the contents with a sensitive perspective is not enough. Always be mindful of deviating from writing anything about religion or cultural aspects which may end up as a slur and offensive to the country involved.
- The topics must always be elaborated properly so the readers will be able to understand the main point.
- Since this is a paper about one-child policy, facts should be presented. Try to avoid opinions which are saved for the arguments in the paper but present data which has been approved or proven already.
Example of the 1st body paragraph
The one-child policy is a policy made to contribute to the family planning and to overall population control in China. It had been recorded over the previous years that China was one of the most overpopulated countries in the world. The one-child policy was made back in 1979 but was strictly implemented during 2007 where parents were allowed to have a second child only if the first child is a girl.
Example of the 2nd body paragraph
Though it was difficult to accurately pinpoint the advantage and disadvantages of the one-child policy, there are some advantages which brought about it in terms of population control, job opportunities, and incentives; however, forced abortions, burden to the child, adoption, and lack of manpower were negative consequences.
Example of the 3rd body paragraph
It was stated earlier that China has been continuing to implement this policy up until late 2015 and effectively abolished it back on the first day of 2016. According to 2017 journals, it was hard to pinpoint the actual consequences of the policy and the statistical data of effects on the population of China overall.
How to finish a research paper on one-child policy
The conclusion of the research paper will mark its end. Any paper will never be complete without a proper conclusion since it acts as a summary of the paper. It also will determine whether the thesis statement was answered. Below are some tips on how to write the conclusion:
- Brief summary of mentioned research
- Writer’s opinion on the one-child policy
- Related quotation on the topic
- Question or idea that can be researched on in the future
- It has to be as short and brief as possible.
Example of a conclusion
Though the one-child policy had marked its end back in 2016, it is still not sure what the actual consequences are or if the government really has stopped applying the policy. It is also unclear whether or not the benefits received by couples with more than one child or two are justifiable even with the amendment of the policy. This is all due to no definite statistics researched and expounded.
Research paper revision
Try to consult the research paper with peers or an instructor which has experience on the topic. Moreover, always be mindful of the grammatical and spelling errors as well as the general content of the paper to get your main point(s) across. Always check if the words used are professional and by no means culturally racial (since the one-child policy is also considered a sensitive topic), gender biased, or any other negative content it may say about the one-child policy and the people affected by it.