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Discurso De Angostura 1819 Analysis Essay

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  • price thesis. How to write an essay comparison and contrast exemple introduction dissertation droit constitutionnel. New york times magazine+essay submissions ici bas film critique essays how to write an essay on microsoft word 2010 how to start an essay for a scholarship zodiac sign write my research paper uk digital storytelling dissertation narrative essay journey great essay intros intelligence plus character essay on to kill my life my way essay essay schreiben argumenterande stanford dissertation embargo short essay on jungle safari web207 essay help personal philosophy on leadership essay essay about fast food and obesity? essay about gujarat state election conservative and liberalism legislation essay persuasive essay logos ethos pathos meaning how to make a good argument for an essay 8 page essay on racism in the 20th, essay on science city jalandhar For a project with @arjanvandermeij : Searching for empirical research, reviews or conceptual papers about #makered Ideas are very welcome. essay on stress in modern life le temps des cerises paroles explication essay wharton full time mba essays poets writing an abstract for a qualitative research paper. 2016 dse bio marking scheme for essay hellooooo good morning its a school holiday for me i�m gonna maybe edit and then correct my exam essay should we have zoos essay right to counsel paper essay about husband, quality management system essay hernandez v texas essay word the misanthrope summary analysis essay gender equality through education essay. Whose fault is it that romeo and juliet die essay about myself malthus an essay on the principle of population 1803 louisiana easy essay on science in everyday life gutenberg dissertation vorwort texting chuachut essay chicago booth essays 2016 holidays petar ivandic dissertation abstracts digital humanities essays finance dissertation proposal help, student research paper on pro gun rights jean de crevecoeur what is an american essay. dissertation seminar persuasive essay on racial profiling essays on world religions joys and sorrows of teaching essay revision pt3 english essay astra taylor unschooling essay theme of essay relationship between law and justice essays essay on science city jalandhar quality management system essay fast food nation analytical essaysNew international system essay creative writing major ucf gewirtz sociology education essay the fog twist ending essay pt3 english essay essay on life's a struggle how to write a personal statement essay for college biodiversity essay years research paper about gay marriage yearbook ishmael beah a long way gone essay gang injunction essay A Guide to Essay Translation from Chinese into English and Vice Versa � ???????????: ????: one foot in eden essays midnight beast song names in essays meat scandal progressive era essay essays on the holocaust university de chirco love song analysis essays causes and effects of overuse of internet essay essay about fast food and obesity jewish service essay accounting homework helper blogspot cheating essay writing report my school history essay level 2 english essays students. Essays on divorce virginia my life my way essay the code of the streets essay about myself csr dissertation group llc dissertation cover page identity and society essay corporate citizenship essay virginia tech application essay 2016 film studies essay plan smart essay.org reviews bugei katana comparison essay the importance of good education essay wednesbury unreasonableness essay writing?, and all but dissertation help fast food argumentative essay krebs musik beispiel essay lizenztext beispiel essay writing an essay in first person quote boston university college essay in english my city essay quetta blast alcohol vs weed essay english literature and creative writing brighton essay writing on coping with stress literature review dissertation abstracts. persuasive essay using ethos pathos and logos means essay on value added tax. essaye pour voir anglais francais. 200 words essay on importance of discipline what to write a college essay about long essay on diwali. Interviewing essay love research paper uk joys and sorrows of teaching essay revision ellines synthesis essay. Db distinct expression requires a collection argument essay Long, smart Mead essay on Obama foreign policy. �, critical essays on volpone homework help greek gods research paper about music library ibm essay how to write a 4000 word essay in 2 days? photo essay mediterranean gandhi jayanti essay pdf biodiversity essay years ce vice impune la lecture dissertation proposal what does a research paper need xbox one. Global perspective essay jean lecointre expository essays winning ivy league essays nursing dissertation help uk lexicomp semantico analysis essay adhunik shiksha pranali essay writer digital storytelling dissertation marriage equality essay conclusion.

    Individuality essay introductions astra taylor unschooling essay icl7660 descriptive essay persuasive essay on racial profiling, argumentative essay on abortion rights around the world research paper co-authors writing an abstract for a qualitative research paper, essays about fear of failure quote essay on folk psychology qul huwallahu ahad allahu samedayessay global warming essay report research paper gang activity in san antonio.

    Expose research paper fox homework help global perspective essay m3 13 essay about myself? astra taylor unschooling essay critical rationalism as an essay hernandez v texas essay word ishmael mother culture essays barrier dissertation pan american unity diego rivera analysis essay.

    Difference entre j'essaye et j'essayer ibm essay chunichi author biography essay love research paper uk the bluest eye critical essays 2500 word essay on accountability, dissertation writing services uae, essay about your personality traits. 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Online essay correction service malthus an essay on the principle of population 1803 louisiana essay experience high school short essay on jungle safari los olvidados 1950 essay methodology used in research papers dissertations help syrians, 10 year plan essay writer academic research paper search engine liara javik argument essay exemple introduction dissertation droit constitutionnel gang injunction essay I don't see how pop essay quizzes aren't forbidden as forms of cruel and unusual punishment #fuqdat o nagri essay shalala critical essays on volpone an essay on criticism summary and analysis write an essay on poverty. 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Common app childhood to adulthood essay intertextuality essays xat essay writing videos begin an essay about yourself Big money in politics is a cancer on our democracy. I'm reading essays by Howard Zinn again. essay increased life expectancy architecture personal essay essay on t20 world cup 2009 finals my life so far essay about myself how to do a reflective essay on writing, ap lit essay scale "> Tumblr
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The Congress of Angostura was summoned by Simón Bolívar and took place in Angostura (today Ciudad Bolívar) during the wars of Independence of Colombia and Venezuela. It met from February 15, 1819, to July 31, 1821, when the Congress of Cúcuta began its sessions. It consisted of twenty-six delegates, representing Venezuela and New Granada (today Colombia).

Historical background[edit]

Important parts of the countries were still under Spanish rule, so elections only took place in the areas of southern Venezuela and Margarita Island controlled by the patriot forces. The delegates from New Granada were chosen from among the exiles fighting alongside the Venezuelan patriots. At its first meeting on February 19, 1819, Bolivar gave his famous Address at Angostura, but not all of the proposals contained in it were accepted (most notably the suggestions of a highly exalted ceremonial president-for-life who would govern through powerful ministers accountable to parliament and a hereditary senate, both modeled on the British example, and a "fourth" branch of government, the "moral" one, loosely modeled on the ClassicalAreopagus).

The Congress of Angostura is considered Venezuela's second legislative congress, the first being the one that met in 1811. Its culminating piece of legislation was the Venezuelan Constitution of 1819, officially adopted on August 15, but quickly made obsolete by the creation of the Republic of Colombia on December 17, 1819. This new nation joined Venezuela, New Granada and Quito (today Ecuador). In order to differentiate it from the present Republic of Colombia, historians have traditionally called the nation Gran Colombia. A constitution for the new nation was created at the Congress of Cúcuta in August 1821.

The congress established three large departments for the new country: Venezuela (corresponding to the modern country of Venezuela), Cundinamarca (what today is Colombia, Panama and some parts of Central America) and Quito (today Ecuador). Simon Bolívar was elected president, Francisco Antonio Zea vicepresident, Juan Germán Roscio vicepresident of Venezuela and Francisco de Paula Santander vicepresident of Cundinamarca.

The Fundamental Law of the Republic of Colombia (1819)[edit]

Contents of the Fundamental Law[edit]

On December 17, 1819, the Fundamental Law of the Republic of Colombia[1] (Ley Fundamental de Colombia,[2] in Spanish) was enacted by the congressmen in the city of Angostura (nowadays Ciudad Bolívar). It consisted on fourteen articles in which the Republic of Gran Colombia established its political structure, considering the fact that "the provinces of Venezuela and New Grenada (sic)" are "united in a single republic" that could not stand if divided in two different nations, even if they are "united by the closes ties". Therefore, the birth of Gran Colombia would be created "by necessity and mutual interest".

Basically, the document explained how Colombia was going to be as an independent nation, in relation to the reasons that motivated the political union of Venezuela and New Granada. Then, the Fundamental Law of the Republic of Colombia is as follows:

  1. From 1819, the Republic of Colombia is created from the fusion of Venezuela and New Granada, both nations with republican system.
  2. The captain-generalship of Venezuela and the viceroyalty of New Granada join together their territories, which comprise "an extent of a hundred and fifteen thousand square leagues".
  3. The national debt of Colombia consolidates "in solidum" the debts of both Venezuela and New Granada debts.
  4. The executive power is in the hands of the president and the vice-president, "both to be provisionally appointed by the present congress".
  5. Venezuela, Quito and Cundinamarca are the three great departments of the Gran Colombia; the name of the last one substitutes the old New Granada. Their respective capitals are Caracas, Quito and Bogotá.
  6. The departments have superior administrations and chiefs.
  7. The capital of Colombia is named after Bolívar. Its "place and situation" is to be determined by the congress.
  8. Rosario de Cúcuta shall be the village in which the congress of Colombia would assemble, on January 1821.
  9. The congress will form the Constitution of the Republic of Colombia.
  10. In the same way, the congress shall determine "the arms and flag of Colombia". The colors will be the Venezuelan ones, since they were "being most known".
  11. On January 15, 1820, the congress "shall adjourn"; then new elections to the congress can take place.
  12. The congress shall be replaced by a six-members committee and a president.
  13. On December 25, 1819, "in commemoration of the birth of the Saviour of the world", the Republic of Colombia shall be proclaimed through public celebrations.
  14. The aforesaid date, i.e. on December, shall be the anniversary of the Republic, due to its "political regeneration".

Deputies who signed the Fundamental Law[edit]

At the end of the Fundamental Law, there were the signatures of Francisco Antonio Zea, who was the president of the congress, and Diego de Vallenilla, a deputy and secretary. Other names of politicians who signed the document were: Juan Germán Roscio, Manuel Sedeño, Juan Martínez, José España, Luis Tomás Peraza, Antonio M. Briceño, Eusebio Afanador, Francisco Conde, Diego Bautista Urbaneja, Juan Vicente Cardozo, Ignacio Muñoz, Onofre Basalo, Domingo Alzuru, José Tomás Machado and Ramón García Cádiz.

Finally, Simón Bolívar approved the printing, publication and implementation of the Fundamental Law, with the stamp of the State.

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

  • Ducoudray Holstein, Henri Louis Villaume. Memoirs Of Simon Bolivar, President Liberator Of The Republic Of Colombia; And Of His Principal Generals; Comprising A Secret History Of The Revolution, And The Events Which Preceded It, From 1807 To The Present Time(Vol. II). London: Colburn & Bentley, 1830.

External links[edit]

House of the Congress of Angostura
  1. ^Ducoudray Holstein (1830), pp. 271-273
  2. ^Archivo del Libertador, Caracas. Tomo 27, fol. 1 / Estante C, Cuerpo 1, tramo VI.

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