Essay on Wildlife Conservation!
Like forests, wildlife is also a national resource, which not only helps in maintaining the ecological balance but is also beneficial from economic, recreational and aesthetic points of view. There was a time when human interference was minimum the number of wild animals was quite high and there was no problem of their protection or conservation. But, with the expansion of agriculture, settlement, industrial and other developmental activities and mainly due to greed of man, the number of wild animals gradually became lesser and lesser. With the result that several species of animals have become extinct and several, others are on the verge of being so.
Deforestation is also one of the main reasons for the loss of wildlife. Mass killings of wild animals for their meat, bones, fur, teeth, hair, skin, etc., are going on throughout the world. Therefore, the need for wildlife conservation has now become a necessity.
Population growth, expansion of agriculture and livestock raising building of cities and roads, and pollution are among the many pressures on the natural habitat of wildlife. Along with illegal hunting, habitat reduction and its degradation has threatened the bio-diversity of the regions where these are rampant.
Preservation of wildlife does not mean a blanket protection to all faunal and floral species; rather, it implies a proper, judicious control over the multiplication of plants and animals, which interact together to provide a proper environment to man whose very existence is in peril today.
Due to the irrational use of natural and biotic resources of the earth in the past, most of the wildlife has been destroyed beyond retrieval. It is our urgent duty to protect the natural splendor of ecosystems and to evolve a system of co-existence with every living creature upon the earth.
Although must countries of the world are very particular regarding conservation of wildlife, the number of wild animals is reducing day by day. World Wild Life Fund is the international agency, which is doing commendable work in promoting the protection of wildlife. There are national agencies also engaged in the conservation of wildlife.
Some steps in the direction of wildlife conservation could be as follows:
(i) To survey and collect all the information about wildlife, especially, their number and growth.
(ii) To protect habitat by protecting forests.
(iii) To delimit the areas of their natural habitat.
(iv) To protect wildlife from pollution and from natural hazards.
(v) To impose complete restriction on hunting and capturing of wildlife.
(vi) To impose restrictions on export and import of wildlife products and severe punishment to be given to those who indulge in this activity.
(vii) To develop game sanctuaries for specific wild animals or for general world life.
(viii) To make special arrangements to protect those species whose number is very limited.
(ix) To develop general awareness at national and international level regarding protection of wildlife.
(x) To adopt a system of wildlife management through trained personnel.
India is a good example where several steps have been taken for wildlife conservation. It is a country of varied wildlife, where more than 500 types of wild animals, 2,100 types of birds and about 20,000 types of reptiles and fishes have been found. According to an estimate, in India, about 200 species of wild animals and birds have already become extinct and another 2,500 are on the verge of extinction.
Some of them are black buck, chinkara, wolf, swamp deer, nilgai, Indian gazelle, antelope, tiger, rhinoceros, gir lion, crocodile, flamingo, pelican, bustard, white crane, grey heron, mountain quail, etc. In India, the government and NGOs are taking keen interest in the protection of wildlife. The Wild Life Protection Act, 1972 has several provisions for the conservation of wildlife.
As many as 165 game sanctuaries and 21 national parks have been developed to protect the natural habitat and wild animals. Apart from this, a Wild Life Conservation Week is also celebrated from 7th of October every year. But still there is a long way to go in this direction.
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Conservation of Nature refers to the preservation of resources that are produced naturally. These include water, sunlight, atmosphere, minerals, land, vegetation and animals. Many of these resources are depleting at a rapid pace due to over utilization. The importance of conservation of nature must be understood and steps must be taken to ensure the ecological balance. Conservation of nature implies the conservation of resources that are formed naturally, without any human intervention. The importance of conservation of natural resources has been stressed upon often enough as it is essential for maintaining a balanced environment on earth. Here are essays of varying lengths on the topic to help you with it in your exam.
Essay on Conservation of Nature
Conservation of Nature Essay 1 (200 words)
Conservation of nature is basically the conservation of resources such as air, water, sunlight, land, vegetation, animal life and minerals. All these resources are obtained from nature without any interference from the mankind. These resources are further employed to produce various things that make the lives of human beings as well as other living beings comfortable.
Natural resources are broadly categorized into renewable resources and non-renewable resources. Renewable resources are the ones that replenish naturally. These include air, water and sunlight. The use of these resources is encouraged over the non-renewable resources as the latter do not replenish and are fast depleting.
Conservation of nature is an issue that must be taken seriously. While the governments of different countries are employing various means to conserve nature, individuals must also come forward to contribute their bit in this direction. Some of the ways in which the common man can help in the conservation of nature is by planting trees, restricting the use of paper, stopping wastage of water and electricity, stopping ill practices such as hunting of animals, and employing rain water harvesting systems. It does not take much to put the above mentioned ideas to practice. However, if each one of us contributes our bit to it, the difference it will bring about would be tremendous.
Conservation of Nature Essay 2 (300 words)
Nature fulfils our basic requirement to live by providing us air, water, land, sunlight and plants. These resources are further used to manufacture various things that make life more convenient and comfortable for the human beings. Unfortunately, man has grown so engrossed in over-utilizing these resources to invent newer things that he has almost forgotten the importance of conserving them. As a result, many of these resources are depleting at a fast pace and if it continues this way then the survival of human beings as well as other living beings on Earth would become very difficult.
Conservation of nature means the preservation of forests, land, water bodies and conservation of resources such as minerals, fuels, natural gases, etc. to ensure that all these continue to be available in abundance. There are many ways in which the common man can help in the conservation of nature. Here are some of those that can be done easily and can make a huge difference:
Water must be used wisely else that day wouldn’t be far when we will have to pay a huge price for it. Turn off the tap while brushing your teeth, limit the number of showers, use the waste RO water to water the plants or clean the house so as to ensure wise usage of water.
- Limit Usage of Electricity
Limiting the usage of electricity is also essential for the conservation of nature. Simple things such as turning off the electric appliances when they are not in use and switching to energy saving lights, such as LED lights, to save electricity can help in this direction.
- Plant Trees and Grow Vegetables
It is advised to plant as many trees as possible to make up for those that are cut each day. Also grow vegetables at home to restrict the usage of chemical fertilizers used in professional farming.
Besides these, people can do their bit by limiting the usage of paper, employing rain water harvesting system, restricting usage of cars and lastly by spreading awareness about the conservation of nature.
Conservation of Nature Essay 3 (400 words)
Nature has given us several gifts such as air, water, land, sunlight, minerals, plants and animals. All these gifts of nature make our planet a place worth living. Survival on Earth would not be possible without any of these. Now, while these natural resources are present on Earth in abundance, unfortunately the requirement of most of these has increased tremendously over the centuries due to growth in human population. Many of the natural resources are being consumed at a far greater speed as compared to their rate of production. There is thus a need for conservation of nature and the natural resources it offers. Here is a look at some of the ways in which these resources can be conserved:
- Reduce Water Consumption
Water is available in abundance on Earth and this is one of the reasons people do not think much before using it. However, if we continue to use it at this pace we may not be left with as much of it in the future. Simple things such as turning the tap off while brushing, using washing machine only when its tub is full, using the left over water in the bottles to water the plants, etc can help in this direction.
- Reduce Usage of Electricity
Energy saved is energy produced. It is thus suggested to restrict the usage of electricity. Simple practices such as turning off the lights before leaving your room, turning off the electric appliances after use and switching to energy saving fluorescent or LED bulbs can make a difference.
- Restrict Usage of Paper
Paper is made from trees. Using more paper means encouraging deforestation which is one of the main causes of concern in today’s time. Make sure you use only as much paper as is required. Stop taking print outs and use e-copies instead to do your bit.
- Use Newer Agricultural Methods
The government must teach methods such as mixed cropping, crop rotation and appropriate use of pesticides, insecticides, manures, bio fertilizers and organic fertilizers to the farmers.
- Spread Awareness
Spreading awareness about the conservation of nature and the methods to be used for the same is very important. It can be achieved only when more and more people understand its importance and the ways in which they can help.
Apart from this, it is important to plant more and more tress, contribute towards lowering the air pollution by using shared transport and employing rain water harvesting systems to conserve nature.
Conservation of Nature Essay 4 (500 words)
Conservation of nature refers to the conservation of all those resources that are formed naturally without any kind of help from the human beings. These include water, air, sunlight, land, forests, minerals, plants as well as animals. Together, all these natural resources make life worth living on Earth. Life would not be possible without air, water, sunlight as well as other natural resources present on the planet. It is thus essential to conserve these resources in order to keep the environment intact. Here is a look at the kind of natural resources present on Earth and the ways to conserve these:
Types of Natural Resources
- Renewable Resources: These are resources such as air, water and sunlight that replenish naturally.
- Non-Renewable Resources: These are resources like fossil fuels and minerals that do not replenish or form very slowly.
- Biotic: These come from living beings and organic material like plants and animals.
- Abiotic: These are derived from non-living things and non-organic material. These include air, water and land as well as metals like iron, copper and silver.
Natural resources are also divided into categories such as actual resources, reserve resources, stock resources and potential resources based on their development stage.
Methods for Conservation of Nature
Conservation of nature is a subject that requires serious attention. Most of the resources of nature are depleting at a fast rate. This is because the demand of these resources is high while the rate of their formation is low. However, it needs to be understood that nature has given us abundance of all that we require. We require using the available natural resources wisely and must employ the below mentioned methods to conserve these:
Water and electricity are two things that are being wasted the most. It is essential to understand the importance of saving both these. Use only as much water as you require. Same goes for electricity. Use the electric appliances wisely and turn them off when they are not in use. Similarly, the use of other resources such as paper, petroleum and gases must also be restricted.
There are a lot of things such as paper, cardboard, metal, tin, aluminium foil, glass bottles, plastic containers as well as water that can be recycled and reused. The government is using methods to pick these things from the waste to recycle them. You can also do your bit by employing rain water harvesting system to reuse water.
Plant more and more trees to make up for those that are cut for manufacturing paper, furniture and other items made of wood. Also ensure cleanliness around your area. Do not throw waste products in water bodies and elsewhere.
Lastly, spread as much awareness as you can about the importance of conservation of nature.
The consumption of natural resources has far exceeded their production. It is the duty of each one of us to stop wasting these gifts of nature and start using them wisely so as to maintain ecological balance on Earth. The aforementioned methods should help in this direction.
Conservation of Nature Essay 5 (600 words)
Conservation of nature is basically the conservation of all those resources that nature has gifted to the mankind. These include minerals, water bodies, land, sunlight and atmosphere. It also includes the preservation of flora and fauna. All these help in creating a balanced environment that it fit for the survival of human beings as well as other living organisms on Earth. Conservation of nature is thus vital.
Natural resources have been categorized based on their characteristics. Here is a look at this classification, the ways employed to conserve each of these and the related concerns.
Classification of Natural Resources
Natural resources are broadly classified based on their capacity to renew, source of origin and stage of development. These are further divided into sub categories. Read on to learn about these in detail:
Certain resources are renewable while others are non-renewable. Here is a detailed look at both these categories:
- Renewable Resources: These are the resources that replenish naturally. Some of these include air, water, land and sunlight.
- Non-Renewable Resources: These resources either form at a very slow speed or do not form naturally. Minerals and fossil fuels are some of the examples of this category.
Based on their origin, natural resources are divided into two types:
- Abiotic: These are those resources that come from non living things and non organic material. Few examples of this type of natural resources include water, air, land and metals such as iron, copper, gold and silver.
- Biotic: These resources are derived from living beings and organic material such as plants and animals. This category also includes fossil fuels as they are obtained from decayed organic matter.
On the basis of their stage of development, natural resources are categorized in the following way:
- Actual Resources: The development of these resources is dependent on the availability of technology and the cost involved. These are used in the present times.
- Reserve Resources: That part of the actual resource that can successfully be developed and used in future is known as reserve resource.
- Potential Resources: These are the resources that exist in certain region but require some work before they can actually be put to work.
- Stock Resources: These are those resources that are surveyed but cannot be put to use because of lack of technology.
Methods for Conservation of Nature
Whether renewable or non renewable, biotic or non-biotic, the resources of nature must be conserved. Here are some of the methods that the government and individuals should employ for conservation of nature:
- Over utilization of natural resources must be stopped. The available resources must be used wisely without any wastage.
- Hunting of wild animals must be stopped for the preservation of wild life.
- Farmers must be taught the method of mixed cropping, use of fertilizers, insecticide, pesticide, and crop rotation. The use of manures, organic fertilizers and biofertilizers should be encouraged.
- Deforestation should be controlled.
- Rain water harvesting systems should be installed.
- The use of renewable resources such as solar, hydro and wind power must be encouraged.
- Water must be recycled for using in agricultural processes.
- Car-pooling is a good way to bring down the consumption of fossil fuels.
- Restrict the use of paper and encourage recycling it.
- Save electricity by replacing old light bulbs with energy saving fluorescent bulbs. Also, turn off the light and electronic items when you do not require them.
Conservation of nature is important to ensure a balanced environment. However, sadly enough many natural resources are depleting at a fast rate. Each one must contribute his/ her bit towards conservation of nature by employing the above mentioned methods.
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