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Essays On Jose Rizal

 

The Town Schools in the Philippines byRizal, JoseSummary:

This essay by

José Rizal

details the poor condition and general uselessness of the Spanish educational systemwhen applied in rural Philippine towns. Aside from highlighting the common problems of the system, Rizal alsosuggests reforms in order to make education both more meaningful and more appealing for the indios.

NOTE

: This document is part of 

Miscellanous Writings of Dr. Jose Rizal 

which was published by the

NationalHistorical Commission of the Philippines

in 1992.In this essay which is original in Spanish is titled La instrucción, the national hero Rizal evaluates theelementary instruction given in the town schools established under the provisions of the Educational Decreesof 1863 and offers proposals for its improvement. He signs it with one of his pseudonyms

Laong Laan

.

The Religiosity of the Filipino People byRizal, JoseSummary:

A fragmented essay written by

José Rizal

which deals with the nature, degree and circumstances of theFilipino's Catholicism.Idea of Divinity, The Virgin and the Saints, Immortality of the Soul, Idea of Future Life, Virtue and Sin, PRAYERS,Promises and Offerings, Pilgrimages

NOTE

: This document is part of 

Miscellanous Writings of Dr. Jose Rizal 

which was published by the

NationalHistorical Commission of the Philippines

in 1992.

The Indolence of the Filipino byRizal, Jose

SUMMARY: Rizal admits that indolence does exist among the Filipinos, but it cannot be attributed to thetroubles and backwardness of the country; rather it is the effect of the backwardness and troublesexperienced by the country. Past writings on indolence revolve only on either denying or affirming, and neverstudying its causes in depth. One must study the causes of indolence, Rizal says, before curing it. He thereforeenumerates the causes of indolence and elaborates on the circumstances that have led to it. The hot climate,he points out, is a reasonable predisposition for indolence. Filipinos cannot be compared to Europeans, wholive in cold countries and who must exert much more effort at work. An hour's work under the Philippine sun,he says, is equivalent to a day's work in temperate regions.La Indolencia de los Filipinos, more popularly known in its English version, "The Indolence of the Filipinos," is aexploratory essay written by Philippine national hero Dr. Jose Rizal, to explain the alleged idleness of hispeople during the Spanish colonization.SUMMARY

The Indolence of the Filipinos

is a study of the causes why the people did not, as was said, work hardduring the Spanish regime. Rizal pointed out that long before the coming of the Spaniards, the Filipinos wereindustrious and hardworking. The Spanish reign brought about a decline in economic activities because of certain causes:First, the establishment of the Galleon Trade cut off all previous associations of thePhilippineswithother countries in Asia and the Middle East. As a result,businesswas only conducted with Spain through

The life, works and writings of Dr. Jose Rizal is the most worthy to honor him our foremost National Hero and he was acknowledged to be “The Greatest Malayan”.

Today, we enjoy more freedoms and material advantages, all thanks to the revolutionary heroes like Rizal, who led them all in the nobility of his character and life, the applications of his talents, and utmost sacrifice of his life. In an act of political martyrdom which he faced with serenity and dignity that converted even some of his enemies to his cause, Rizal destroyed the moral authority of the Spanish Empire in the Philippines. Besides, Rizal in his many travels abroad, they have come to appreciate our nation more.

It is really difficult to compare heroes. But, even using different yardstick, like who was the one that succeeded in fighting for our freedom, then we shall have to admit that Andres Bonifacio failed against the stronger armies of Spanish and America, respectively. Now, as for Rizal, who used the pen (a weapon mightier than the sword), he waged a non-violent crusade and suffered political martyrdom. Now and then we come across some Filipinos who venture the opinion that Andres Bonifacio and not Jose Rizal, deserves to be acknowledged as our first National Hero. but, as far as what we know Rizal never held a gun, a rifle or a sword in fighting for the liberty of our country in the battlefield. His consuming life purposes was the secret of his moral courage, physical courage, was one of his inherited. But the high courage to die loving his murderers, which he at last achieved that cannot be inherited.

By his writings of his Novel (NOLI ME TANGERE) which awakened Filipino nationalism and paved the way for the Philippine Revolution, he proved that the pen is mightier than the sword, and because in this writer’s humble opinion, no Filipino has yet been born who could equal or surpass Rizal.

Lastly, the most admirable was his complete self-denial, his complete abandonment of his personal interest in order to think only of those of his country.

Prepared by:
Crestian D. Ras
REACTION PAPER
Income Taxation

Taxation is a system by which a government takes money from people and spends it on things such as education, health, infrastructure, agriculture, and defense. Taxes are the lifeblood of the government. It is therefore necessary that they collected on time to defray the government expenses. It is a compulsory obligation by any individual who are resident on a particular community conducting such obligation. In terms of the distribution of taxes, and of the amount contributed by a taxpayer, the government imposed normal tax rate on individual taxpayer depending on its income. Besides, the government gives personal and additional exemptions to the taxpayer in order to reduce its contribution in taxes.

For instance, the head of the family was given a privilege to deduct 50 000.00 pesos from its compensation as his personal exemption and with a minimum of four children as his additional exemption with the amount of 25 000.00 pesos each. In addition, it is important to file on time or in advance rather than to be delay in order to avoid surcharges, interest and other penalties. And it is to be noted that the late filling and payment is considered as one violation as long as the filling and paying to wrong Revenue District Office is another violation.

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